The Pomeranian was originally descended from the ancient Spitz breeds of the far north which were brought to Europe and used to herd sheep. The Pomeranian ancestors weighed up to 30 pounds. Marie Antoinette, Emile Zola and Mozart all owned Pomeranians. In the late 1800's, Queen Victoria became a Pomeranian fancier, and established her own kennel for their breeding. She showed her dogs, with some success, making the breed very popular in England. Because Queen Victoria preferred smaller dogs, many breeders began selecting for small size.