Spaniel breed's history is uncertain before the middle of the 19th
century. One theory is that it originated in France, stating that
the Duc de Noailles at the time of the French Revolution gave his
kennel of prized spaniels to the Duke of Newcastle at Clumber Park
in Nottingham. Another theory holds that it was developed in Britain
from older breeds of hunting spaniels, perhaps by crossing them with
Bassets or St. Hubert's hounds.